Synthesis of Team Classification Literature
- 1University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
- 2Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 3University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
- 4FedEx Corporate Services, Memphis, TN, USA
- Eduardo Salas, University of Central Florida, Institute for Simulation and Training, 3100 Technology Parkway, Orlando, FL 32826, USA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Within team research, there is no shortage of literature classifying teams. However, the team taxonomic literature suffers from a few limitations. First, many taxonomies claim to classify teams into mutually exclusive classes, yet when examined closely, are not. Second, some of the most well-known taxonomies are descriptive of various tasks teams engage in, but not of the holistic team-level properties that define different types of teams. A clear understanding of both is necessary if human resource development (HRD) professionals are to develop and train different teams effectively. Therefore, the purpose of the current article is twofold: to present an integrative taxonomy of task types and a set of team-level characteristics that have been carefully synthesized from the prior literature and to explain how these tools can be used in conjunction to inform team-oriented HRD research and practice.
Task Types and Team-Level Attributes