Search This Blog

Loading...

Sunday, 25 September 2016

Success Factors as Critical That Shape Agile Software Development Project Success | Nguyen | International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)

 Source: http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=5302&path%5B%5D=2740

Success Factors as Critical That Shape Agile Software Development Project Success

Dan Schilling Nguyen


Abstract



This study has implications for positive social change because
organizations that understand the critical factors may be able to
improve project management strategies and cost benefits leading to
higher efficiency, profitability, and productivity thus benefiting
management, employees, and customers.

Information technology (IT)
project success depends on having a project manager with effective
decision-making, leadership, and project management skills. Project
success also depends on completing the project in a given budget, time,
and scope. However, there is a limited understanding of the lived
experiences of agile managers and the following success factors:
engineering, management, organization, and stakeholders. The purpose of
this phenomenological study was to understand these lived experiences of
10 agile software development team project managers or leaders at
global workplaces based in the United States. The research questions
were focused on the effect of these success factors on agile software
development project success. In accordance with nonrandom purposeful
sampling strategies, a snowball technique was used to find more
participants. An open-ended, e-mail questionnaire was created and sent
to participants to collect data. The data were coded to discern themes
or patterns. According to study results, agile software development team
employs automate builds, continuous integration, and design patterns
help reduce technical debt; good collaboration and communication skills
are core to project success; product owner helps maximize business value
delivered by team and priority and engage stakeholders; and sponsors
help fund the project and other resources.





Keywords



Agile Software Development Teams; Success Factors.


References



A Guide to the SCRUM BODY OF KNOWLEDGE (SBOKTM GUIDE)- 2013 Edition. @2013 SCRUMstudyTM, a brand of VMEdu, Inc.


Ahuja, J. (2010). A study of virtuality impact on team
performance. The IUP Journal of Management Research, 9(5), 27-56.
Retrieved from
http://www.iupindia.in/710/IJMR_Study_Virtuality_Impact_27.html


Ambler, S. W. (2007). Defining success: There are lessons to
be learned when defining IT project success. Dr. Dobbs Journal, 32(12),
60–62. Retrieved from
http://www.Drdobbs.com/architecture-and-design/defining-success/20280777


Addison, T., & Vallabh, S. (2002). Controlling software
project risks – an empirical study of methods used by experienced
project managers. Proceedings of SAICSIT, (2002), 128-140. Retrieved
from
http://www.itu.dk/~katten/speciale/Controlling_Software_Project_Risks_an_Empirical_Study_of_Methods.pdf


Alnuaimi, O. A., Robert, L. P., & Maruping, L. M. (2010).
Team size, dispersion, and social in technology-supported teams: A
perspective on the theory of moral disengagement. Journal of Management
Information Systems, 27, 203-230. doi:10.2753/MIS0742-1222270109


Aloini, D., Dulmin, R., & Mininno, V. (2011). Risk
management in ERP project. Information Systems, 37(2012), 183–199.
doi:10.1016/j.is.2011.10.001


Agarwal, N., & Rathod, U. (2006). Defining ‘success’ for
software projects: An exploratory revelation. International Journal of
Project Management, 24(4), 358–370. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2005.11.009


Ambler, S. W. (2007). Defining success: There are lessons to
be learned when defining IT project success. Dr. Dobbs Journal, 32(12),
60–62. Retrieved from
http://www.drdobbs.com/architecture-and-design/defining-success/202800777


Amurgis, W. (2007). Paving the way for an intranet revolution
at AEP. Strategic Communication Management, 11(3), 8-102. Retrieved from
http://www.melcrum.com/products/journals/scm.shtml


Anantatmula, V. S. (2010). Impact of cultural differences on
knowledge management in global projects. The Journal of Information and
Knowledge Management Systems, 40(3/4), 239-253.
doi:10.1108/03055721011071377


Ang, S., & Inkpen, A. (2008). Cultural intelligence and
offshore outsourcing success: A framework of firm-level intercultural
capability. Decision Sciences, 39(3), 337-358.
doi:10.1111/j.1540-5915.2008.00195.x


Baglione, S. L. (2008). The influence of internal ethics and values and external


perceptions of values and needs on profitability: An empirical study of U.S.


executives. Review of Business Research, 8(5), 89-95.
Retrieved from
http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-190699924/the-influence-of-internal-ethics-and-values-and-external


Bannerman, P. L. (2008). Risk and risk management in software
projects: A reassessment. The Journal of Systems and Software, 81(2008),
2118–2133. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2008.03.059


Barclay, D. W., & Smith, J. B. (1997). The effects of
organizational differences and trust on the effectiveness of selling
partner relationship. Journal of Marketing, 61(1997), 3-21. Retrieved
from
http://business.highbeam.com/138375/article-1G1-19213908/effects-organizational-differences-and-trust-effectiveness


Bass, B., & Avolio, B. (1993). Transformational leadership
and organizational culture. Public Administration Quarterly, 17,
112-121. doi:10.1080/01900699408524907


Beers, P. J., Boshuizen, H. P. A., Kirschner, P. A., &
Gijselaers, W. H. (2005). Computer support for knowledge construction in
collaborative learning environments. Computers in Human Behavior, 21,
623-643. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2004.10.036


Benbya, H., & McKelvey, B. (2006). Toward a complexity
theory of information systems development. Information Technology &
People, 19, 12-34. doi:10.1108/09593840610649952


Berg, B. L. (2006). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.


Berry, G. R. (2011). Enhancing effectiveness on virtual teams.
Journal of Business Communication, 48(2) 186-206.
doi:10.1177/0021943610397270


Bielski, L. (2005). What makes a good leader? American Bankers Association, 97(12), 21-24. Retrieved from http://www.aba.com/


Boehm, B. W. (1989). Software risk management tutorial. Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society.


Boban, M., Pozgaj, Z., & Sertic, H. (2007). Effective
information systems development as a key to successful enterprise.
Management, 12, 65-86. Retrieved from http://www.efst.hr/management/


Bolin, A. U. (2012). Salvaging value from project failure. Performance Improvement, 51(5), 12. doi:10.1002/pfi.21262


Brandt, V., England, W., & Ward, S. (2011). Virtual teams.
Research-Technology Management, 54(6) 62-63. Retrieved from
http://www.questia.com/library/1P3-2521947141/virtual-teams


Branson, L., Bin, F. S., Sung, C. H., & He, F. (2011). The
influence of team functional processes on investment team performance.
International Journal of Business, Marketing, and Decision Sciences,
4(1), 56-65. doi:10.1207/S15327043HUP1701_2


Breslin, M., & Buchanan, R. (2008). On the case study
method of research and teaching in design. Design Issues, 24(1), 36-40.
Retrieved from
http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/desi.2008.24.1.36


Bretherton, P., & Chaston, I. (2005). Resource dependency
and SME strategy: An empirical study. Journal of Small Business and
Enterprise Development, 12(2), 274–289. doi:10.1108/14626000510594656


Brett, J., Behfar, K., & Melymuka, K. (2006). Managing
multicultural teams. Computerworld, 40(47), 36. Retrieved from
http://www.computerworld.com/s/news


Brown, F. W., & Moshavi, D. (2005). Transformational
leadership and emotional intelligence: A potential pathway for an
increased understanding of interpersonal influence. Journal of
Organizational Behavior, 26, 867-871. doi:10.1002/job.334


Bryman, A. (2007). Barriers to integrating quantitative and
qualitative research. Journal of Methods Research, 1, 8-22.
doi:10.1177/2345678906290531


Buyl, T., Boone, C., Hendriks, W., & Matthyssens, P.
(2011). Top management team functional diversity and firm performance:
The moderating role of CEO characteristics. Journal of Management
Studies, 48(1), 151-176. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00932.x


Callen, D. (2008). How intercultural competence drives success
in global virtual teams: Leveraging global virtual teams through
intercultural curiosity, sensitivity, and respect. Retrieved from
http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/2010/08/how-intercultural-competence-drives-success-in-global-virtual-teams/


Calloway, J., & Awadzi, W. (2008). Trust, communication,
and leadership challenges in virtual teams. Consortium Journal of
Hospitality & Tourism, 12(2), 25-32. doi:10.1008/s10726-006-9055-8


Carte, T. A., Chidambaram, L., & Becker, A. (2006).
Emergent leadership in selfmanaged virtual teams. Group Decision and
Negotiation, 15(4), 323. doi:10.1007/s10726-006-9045-7


Casey, V. (2010). Developing trust in virtual software
development teams. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic
Commerce Research, 5(2), 41-58. doi:10.4067/S0718-18762010000200004


Cerpa, N., & Verner, J. (2009). Why did your project
fail?. Communications of the ACM, 52(12), 130–134.
doi:10.1145/1610252.1610286


Chang, H. H., Chuang, S. S., & Chao, S. H. (2011).
Determinants of cultural adaptation, communication quality, and trust in
virtual teams’ performance. Total Quality Management, 22(3), 305–329.
doi:10.1080/14783363.2010.532319


Charette, R. N. (1989). Software engineering risk analysis and management. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


Charette, R. N., 1996. The mechanics of managing IT risk.
Journal of Information Technology, 11(4),
373–378.doi:10.1057/jit.1996.10


Chen, C. C., Wu, J., Ma, M., & Knight, M. B. (2011).
Enhancing virtual learning team performance: A leadership perspective.
Human Systems Management, 30(4), 215. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-958-8


Chen, H. L. (2011). Predictors of project performance and the
likelihood of project success. Journal of International Management
Studies, 6(2), 1-10. Retrieved from
http://www.jimsjournal.org/11%20Hong%20Long%20Chen.pdf


Chew, J., & Chan, C. (2008). Human resource practices,
organizational commitment and intention to stay. International Journal
of Manpower, 29(6), 503–522. doi:10.1108/01437720810904194


Chulkov, D. (2009). De-escalation of commitment in MIS
projects: The implications of three economic theories. Review of
Business Research, 9(1), 48–55. Retrieved from
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/Review-Business-Research/208534997.html


Clark, D., & Gibb, J. (2006). Virtual team learning: An
introductory study team exercise. Journal of Management Education,
30(6), 765-787. doi:10.1177/1052562906287969


Coast, J., & Horrocks, S. (2007). Developing attributes
and levels for discrete choice experiments using qualitative methods.
Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 12(1), 25-30. Retrieved
from http://jhsrp.rsmjournals.com/content/12/1/25.abstract


Colfax, R. S., Santos, A. T., & Diego, J. (2009). Virtual
leadership: A green possibility in critical times but can it work?
Journal of International Business Research, 8, 133-139. Retrieved from
http://www.jibs.net/


Colquitt, J., & Piccolo, R. (2006). Transformational
leadership and job behaviors: The mediating role of core job
characteristics. Academy of Management Journal, 49, 327-340.
doi:10.5465/AMJ.2006.20786079


Conger, J. (1999). Charismatic and transformational leadership
in organizations: An insider’s perspective on these developing streams
of research. Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 145-69.
doi:10.1016/S1048-9843(99)00012-0


Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2003). Business research methods (8th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin.


Copeland, M. (2006). The mighty micro-multinational. Business,
7(6), 106-114. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/business2/


Coughlan, J., Lycett, M., & Macredie, R.D. (2003).
Communication issues in requirements elicitation: A content analysis of
stakeholder experiences. Information and Software Technology, 45(2003),
525–537. Retrieved from
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950584903000326


Cramton, C. D. (2001). The mutual knowledge problem and its
consequences for dispersed collaboration. Organization Science, 12,
346-371. doi:10.1287/orsc.12.3.346.10098


Crow, G., Wiles, R., Heath, S., & Charles, V. (2006).
Research ethics and data quality: The implications of informed consent.
International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 9(2), 83-95.
Retrieved from
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645570600595231#preview


Dani, S., Burns, N., Backhouse, C., & Kochhar, A. (2006).
The implications of organizational culture and trust in the working of
virtual teams. International Journal of Networking and Virtual
Organizations, 220, 951-960. doi:10.1243/09544054JEM415


Davidson, J., & Jacobs, C. (2012). The implications of
qualitative research software for doctoral work. Qualitative Research
Journal, 15(3), 72- 80. doi:10.2835794579434


Davis, D. (2005). New projects: Beware of false economies.
Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.de Oliveira, S.B, Valle, R.,
& Mahler, C.F. (2010).A comparative analysis of CMMI software
project management by Brazilian, Indian and Chinese companies. Software
Quality Journal, 18(2), 177–194. doi:10.1007/s11219-009-9087-6.


DeRosa D, & Lepsinger R (2010). Virtual team success. San
Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Dibbern, J., Winkler, J., & Heinzl, A.
(2008). Explaining variations in client extra costs between software
projects offshored to India. MIS Quarterly, 32(2), 333–366. Retrieved
from
https://wb-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1815/1/Working_Paper_8_2007_aktualisiert.pdf


Dionne, S. D., Yammarino, F. J., Atwater, L. E., &
Spangler, W. D. (2004). Transformational leadership and team
performance. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17, 177-193.
doi:10.1108/09534810410530601


Doh, J. (2005). Offshore outsourcing: Implications for
international business and strategic management theory and practice.
Journal of Management Studies, 42(3), 695–704.
doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.2005.00515.x


Drouault, S. C. (2006). Participatory budgeting: A developing
country process? A comparative analysis of the experiences of PB in
Brazil, France, and Spain. Retrieved from
http://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00283658/en


Eberly, M. B., Holley, E. C., Johnson, M. D., & Mitchell,
T. B. (2011). Beyond internal and external: A dyadic theory of
relational attributions. Academy of Management Review, 36(4), 731–753.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amr.2009.0371


Ebrahim,
N., Ahmed, S., & Taha, Z. (2009). Virtual teams: A literature
review. Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 3(3),
2653-2669. Retrieved from
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1501443



Eissa, G., Fox, C., Webster, B. D., & Kim, J. (2012). A
framework for leader effectiveness in virtual teams. Journal of
Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 9(2), 12-21. Retrieved from
http://www.nabusinesspress.com/JLAE/FoxC_Web9_2_.pdf


Elloy, D. F. (2008). The relationship between self-leadership
behaviors and organization variables in a self-managed work team
environment. Management Research News, 31, 801-809.
doi:10.1108/01409170810913015


Emam, K., & Koru, A. (2008). A replicated survey of IT
software project failures. IEEE Software, 25(5), 84–90.
doi:10.1109/MS.2008.107


Eom, M. (2009). Cross-cultural virtual team and its key
antecedents to success. The Journal of Applied Business and Economics,
10(1), 1-14. Retrieved from
http://www.na-businesspress.com/JABE/EomWeb.pdf


Espinosa, J. A., DeLone, W., & Lee, G. (2006). Global
boundaries, task processes and IS project success: A field study.
Information Technology & People, 19(4), 345-370.
doi:10.1108/09593840610718036


Fink, R. C., James, W. L., & Hatten, K. J. (2010).
Customer perceptions of dependencies in customer–supplier relationships.
Journal of Strategic Marketing, 19(1), 73–89.
doi:10.1080/0965254X.2010.537764


Fisher, E. (2005). Facing the challenges of outcomes
measurement: The role of transformational leadership. Administration in
Social Work, 29(4), 35-49. doi:10.1300/J147v29n04_03


Florin, I., & Minodora, U. (2009). The shift to IT
governance—A global approach. Annals of the University of Oradea,
Economic Science Series, 18(4), 954–958. Retrieved from
http://steconomice.uoradea.ro/anale/volume/2009/v4-management-and-marketing/195.pdf


Fowler, F. (2008). Survey research methods (4th ed.). London, England: Sage.


Frye, C. M., Bennett, R., & Caldwell, S. (2006). Team
emotional intelligence and team interpersonal process effectiveness.
Mid-American Journal of Business, 21, 49-56.
doi:10.1108/19355181200600005


Gaan, N. (2012). Collaborative tools and virtual team
effectiveness: an inductively derived approach in India’s software
sector. Decision, 39(1), 6-27. Retrieved from
http://facultylive.iimcal.ac.in/content/collaborative-tools-and-virtual-team-effectiveness-inductively-derived-approach-india’s-soft


Gay, L., Mills, G., & Airasian, P. (2006). Educational
research: Competencies for analysis and application (8th ed.). Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.


Gerhard, T. (2008). Bias: Considerations for research
practice. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 65(15), 2159–2169.
doi 10.2146/ajhp070369


Gilb, T. (2010). What's wrong with requirements specification?
An analysis of the fundamental failings of conventional thinking about
software requirements, and some suggestions for getting it right.
Journal of Software Engineering & Applications, 3(9), 827–838.
Retrieved from
http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=2671


Gil, N., & Tether, B. S. (2010). Project risk management
and design flexibility: Analyzing a case and conditions of
complementarity. Research Policy, 40(2011), 415–428.
doi:10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.011


Ginsburg, J. P. (2009). Determining the personality
characteristics that identify a successful global virtual team members
(Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertation and Theses
database. (UMI No. 3394314)


Goman, C. K. (2012). Virtual teams. Sales & Service
Excellence, 12(7), 6. Retrieved from
http://www.forbes.com/sites/carolkinseygoman/2012/06/05/5-tips-for-virtual-collaboration/


Gonzalez, R., Gasco, J., & Llopis, J. (2008). Information
systems outsourcing reasons and risks: An empirical study. Engineering
& Technology, 31, 382–393. Retrieved from
http://www.waset.or/journals/ijhss/v4/v4-3-24.pdf


Gratton, L., & Erickson, T. J. (2007). Eight ways to build
collaborative teams. Harvard Business Review, 85(11), 100-109.
Retrieved from http://hbr.org/


Guba, E. G. (1981). Criteria for assessing the trustworthiness
of naturalistic inquiries. Educational Communication and Technology
Journal, 29 (1981), 75–91. doi:10.1007/BF02766777


Guindon, G., Lavis, J., Boupha, B., Guang, S., Sidibe, M., & Turdaliyeva, B. (2010).


Bridging the gaps among research, policy, and practice in ten
low- and middle income countries: Development and testing of
questionnaire for health-care providers. Health Research Policy &
Systems, 8-81. doi:10.1186/1478-4505-8-3


Harris. D. (2014). Why we Should Rethink the Agile Manifesto:
Projects Still Fail. Retrieved
http://www.jamasoftware.com/blog/rethink-agile-manifesto-projects-still-fail/


Havelka, D., & Rajkumar, T. (2006). Using the troubled
project recovery framework: Problem recognition and decision to recover.
e-Service Journal, 5(1), 43–73. Retrieved from
http://www.bupedu.com/lms/admin/uploded_journal/5.1havelka.pdf


Heath, C., Svensson, M. S., Hindmarsh, J., Luff, P., & Vom Lehn, D. (2002).


Configuring awareness: Computer supported cooperative work.
Journal of Collaborative Computing, 11, 317-347.
doi:10.1023/A:1021247413718


Herath, T., & Kishore, R. (2009). Offshore outsourcing:
Risks, challenges, and potential solutions. Information Systems
Management, 26(4), 312–326. doi:10.1080/10580530903245549


Hessels, J., & Terjesen, S. (2010). Resource dependency
and institutional theory perspectives on direct and indirect export
choices. Small Business Economics, 34(2), 203–220. doi:1941130911


Hirschy, M. J. (2011). Virtual team leadership: A case study
in Christian Higher Education. Christian Higher Education, 10, 97–111.
doi:10.1080/15363751003676613


Hofstede, G. (1993). Cultural constraints in management theories. The Executive, 7(1),


doi:129324


Holden, R. (2009). People or systems? Professional Safety,
54(12), 34–41. Retrieved from
http://vanderbilt.academia.edu/RichardHolden/Papers/524569/People_or_Systems_To_blame_is_human._The_fix_is_to_engineer


Huang, H. (2006). Cross-cultural issues in global information
systems development. Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information
Technology Management, 1(2), 930-931. Retrieved from
http://www.irma-international.org/viewtitle/32957/


Hunsaker, P. L., & Hunsaker, J. S. (2008). Virtual teams: a
leader's guide. Team Performance Management, 14(1/2), 86-101.
doi:10.1108/13527590810860221


Hutcheson, P. G. (2006). Creating a development culture
through mentoring. Employment Relations Today, 33(2), 25-33.
doi:10.1002/ert.20105


Hutchison, A., Johnston, L., & Breckon J. (2010). Using QSR-NVivo to facilitate the


development of grounded theory project: An account of worked example.


International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 13, 283-302.


doi:10.1080/13645570902996301


Iivari, N. (2011). Participatory design in OSS development:
Interpretive case studies in company and community OSS development
contexts. Behaviour & Information Technology, 30(3), 309-323.
Retrieved from
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0144929X.2010.503351#preview


Iivari, N. (2008). Constructing the users in open source
software development: An interpretive case study of user participation.
Information Technology & People, 22(2), 132–156.
doi:10.1108/09593840910962203


Jacques, P. H., Garger, J., Brown, C. A., & Deale, C. S.
(2009). Personality and virtual reality team candidates: The roles of
personality traits, technology anxiety and trust as predictors of
perceptions of virtual reality teams. Journal of Business and
Management, 15, 143-158. Retrieved from
http://news-business.vlex.com/vid/virtual-team-predictors-teams-227787499


Jani, A. (2010). Escalation of commitment in troubled IT
projects: Influence of project risk factors and self-efficacy on the
perception of risk and the commitment to a failing project.
International Journal of Project Management, 29(2011), 934–945.
doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.08.004


Jani, A. (2011). Escalation of commitment in troubled IT
projects: Influence of project risk factors and self-efficacy on the
perception of risk and the commitment to a failing project.
International Journal of Project Management, 29(7), 934.
doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.08.004


Jarvenpaa, S. L., & Leidner, D. E. (1999). Communication
and Trust in Global Virtual Teams. Organization Science, 10(6), 791-815.
doi:10.1287/orsc.10.6.791


Johnson, R., Veltri, N., & Hornik, S. (2008). Attributions
of responsibility toward computing technology: The role of interface
social cues and user gender. International Journal of Human-Computer
Interaction, 24(6), 595–612. doi:10.1080/10447310802205784


Johnson, J. (2005). The virtual workplace: The price is right. Network World, 22(36), 1. Retrieved from http://networkworld.com/


Jung, D., & Sosik, J. (2006). Who are the spellbinders?
Identifying personal attributes of charismatic leaders. Journal of
Leadership and Organizational Studies, 12(4), 12-26.
doi:10.1177/107179190601200402


Kahai, S., Fjermestad, J., Zhang, S., & Avolio, B. J.
(2007). Leadership in virtual teams: Past, present, and future.
International Journal of E-Collaboration, 3, 1–8. Retrieved from
http://www.igi-global.com/journal/international-journalcollaboration-ijec/1090


Kankanhalli, A., Tan, B., & Kwok-Kee, W. (2007). Conflict
and performance in global virtual teams. Journal of Management
Information Systems, 23(3), 237-274. doi:10.2753/MIS0742-1222230309.


Kauppila, O., Rajala, R., & Jyrämä, A. (2011). Knowledge
sharing through virtual teams across borders and boundaries. Management
Learning, 42(4), 395–418. doi:10.1177/1350507610389685.


Katzenbach, J. R., & Smith, D. K. (1994). The wisdom of
teams: creating the high performance organization. New York, NY: Harper
Business.


Kendra, K., & Taplin, L. (2004). Project success: A
cultural framework. Project Management Journal, 35(1), 30–45. Retrieved
from http://www.cob.unt.edu/mgmt/WHITE/Culture%20kendra_taplin_2004.pdf


Ke, W., & Wei, K. K. (2005). Organization culture and
leadership in ERP implementation. Decision Support Systems, 45(2),
208–218. doi:10.1016/j.dss.2007.02.002


Kerzner, H. (2006). Project management: A systems approach to
planning, scheduling, and controlling (9th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John-Wiley
& Sons.


Kimble, C. (2011). Building effective virtual teams: How to
overcome the problems of trust and identity in virtual teams. Global
Business and Organizational Excellence, 30(2), 6-15.
doi:10.1002/joe.20364


King, W. (2008). An IS offshore outsourcing framework:
Emerging knowledge requirements for IS professionals. Journal of
Information Technology Case & Application Research, 10(4), 7–31.
Retrieved from http://jitcar.ivylp.org/vol10.htm


Kleinman, C. (2004). The relationship between managerial
leadership behaviors and staff nurse retention. Hospital Topics, 82(4),
2-9. doi:10.3200/HTPS.82.4.2-9


Knapik, M. (2006). The qualitative research interview: Participants’ responsive


participation in knowledge making. International Journal of Qualitative


Methods, 5(3), 1-13. Retrieved from http://www.socsci.uci.edu/ssarc/sshonors/webdocs/qualitativeinterview.pdf


Kocheria, S., & Korrapati, R. (2010). A qualitative study
on determining managerial styles for software development life cycle
stages. Proceedings of the Academy of Information and Management
Sciences, 14, 54-57. Retrieved from
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-2067167421.html


Korrapati, R., & Rapaka, S. (2009). Successful leadership
styles in software projects in offshore centers in India. Allied
Academies International Conference: Proceedings of the Academy of
Information & Management Sciences (AIMS), 13(2), 56–59. Retrieved
from http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1954977341.html


Knapik, M. (2006). The qualitative research interview: Participants’ responsive


participation in knowledge making. International Journal of
Qualitative Methods, 5(3), 1-13. Retrieved from
http://www.socsci.uci.edu/ssarc/sshonors/~knapik/qualitativeinterview.pdf


Kristensen, N., & Westergaard-Nielsen, N. (2007). A
large-scale validation study of measurement errors in longitudinal
survey data. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 32(2), 65-92.
Retrieved from http://ftp.iza.org/dp2329.pdf


Kropp, M.(2015). Agile Success Factors - A qualitative study about what makes agile projects


successful. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3593.2320


Krosigk, V. B. (2007). A holistic exploration of leadership
development. South African Journal of Business Management, 38(2), 25-30.
Retrieved from http://www.journals.co.za/ej/ejour_busman.html


Kvedaravišienė, G., & Boguslauskas, V. (2010).
Underestimated importance of cultural differences in outsourcing
arrangements. Engineering Economics, 21(2), 187-196. Retrieved from
http://www.ktu.edu/lt/mokslas/zurnalai/inzeko/67/1392-2758-2010-22-2-187.pdf


Lai, F., Zhao, X., & Wang, Q. (2006). The impact of
information technology on the competitive advantages of logistics firms
in China. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(9), 193–201.
doi:10.1108/02635570610712564


Leinonen, P., Jarvela, S., & Lipponen, L. (2003):
Individual students’ interpretations of their contribution to the
computer-mediated discussions. Journal of Interactive Learning Research,
14, 99-122. Retrieved from http://www.aace.org/pubs/jilr/


Li, T. S., & Lin, L. C. (2011). A unified model for the implementation of both CMMI and


[sigma]. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence,
22(4), 407-437. Retrieved from
http://www.deepdyve.com/lp/emerald-publishing/a-unified-model-for-implementing-lean-and-cmmi-for-services-cmmi-svc-fWcdMumS2w


Lin, C., & Tseng, H. (2006). Identifying the pivotal role
of participation strategies and information technology application for
supply chain excellence. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 106(5),
739–756. doi:1073434211


Lovallo, D., & Kahneman, D. (2003), How optimism
undermines executive’s decisions, Harvard Business Review, 5, 1-10.
Retrieved from
http://www.vital.co.kr/harvard/hmmplus/full4/resrcs/solving/4279.pdf


Lucas, B. (2006). A formula for motivating people to learn.
People Management, 12(13), 1-3. Retrieved from
http://www.peoplemanagement.co.uk/


Mahaney, R. C., & Lederer, A.L. (2011). An agency theory
explanation of project success. The Journal of Computer Information
Systems, 51(4), 102-113.


Malhotra, A., Majchrzak, A., & Rosen, R. (2007). Leading
virtual teams. Academy of Management Perspectives, 2, 60-70.
doi:10.5465/AMP.2007.24286164


Mancini, D. J. (2010). Building organizational trust in virtual teams. Journal of


Behavioral Studies in Business, 2, 1-5. Retrieved from http://www.aabri.com/jbsb.html


March, J. G., & Shapira, Z. (1987). Managerial
perspectives on risk and risk taking. Management Science, 33(11),
1404–1418. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2631920


Marcinowicz, L., Chlabicz, S., & Grebowski, R. (2007).
Open-ended questions in surveys of patients’ satisfaction with family
doctors. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 12(2), 86-89.
Retrieved from http://www.jhsrp.rsmjournals.com/content/12/2/86.full.pdf


Marrewijk, A. V. (2010). Situational construction of
Dutch—Indian cultural differences in global IT projects. Scandinavian
Journal of Management, 26, 368-380. doi:10.1016/j.scaman.2010.09.004


McCluskey, S., & Topping, A. E. (2011). Increasing
response rates to lifestyle surveys: A pragmatic evidence review.
Perspectives in Public Health, 131(2), 89-93.
doi:10.1177/1757913910389423


McGehee, P., & Andrew, S. (2009, January). Using resource
dependency theory to explain informal ties in emergency management
networks. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern
Political Science Association, Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA.
Retrieved from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p284537_index.html


Mehta, A. (2009). Examining the role of personal, social
exchange, and contextual fit variables in employee work outcomes under
continuous change: A field investigation. (Doctoral Dissertation).
University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA.


Michaels, P. (2007). Calculating the cost of failed software
projects. Retrieved from
http://www.computerweekly.com/Articles/2008/05/06/230115/Calculating-thecost-of-failed-software-projects.


Miller, M. (2006). Transforming leadership: What does love
have to do with it? Transformation, 23(2), 94-106. Retrieved from
http://www.ocms.ac.uk/transformation/


Misra, R. (2004). Global IT outsourcing: Metrics for success
of all parties. Journal of Information Technology Cases &
Applications, 6(3), 21–34. Retrieved from
http://jitcar.ivylp.org/vol6.htm


Mockaitis, A. L., Rose, E. L., & Zettinig, P. (2012). The
power of individual cultural values in global virtual teams.
International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 12(2), 193–210.
doi:10.1177/1470595812439868


Mortari, L. (2008). The ethic of delicacy in phenomenological
research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and
Well-Being, 3(1), 3-17. Retrieved from
http://www.ijqhw.net/index.php/qhw/article/download/4967/5235


Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Moutinho, L., Rita, P., & Li. S. (2006). Strategic
diagnostics and management decision making: A hybrid knowledge based
approach. Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance & Management,
14(3), 129-155. doi:10.1002/isaf.281


Moynihan, D., & Pandey, S. (2008). The ties that bind:
Social networks, person organization value fit, and turnover intention.
Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(2), 205–227.
doi:1445782861


Nair, H. C. (2011). External factors based on work location
that influence information technology project success. Retrieved from
ProQuest Dissertation and Theses database.


Nangoli, S., Namagembe, S., Ntayi, J.M., Ngoma, M. (2012).
Towards building project-stakeholder commitment. World Journal of
Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 8(4), 233-245.
doi:10.1108/20425961211276615


Ndofor, H. A., Sirmon, D. G., & He, X. (2011). Firm
resources, competitive actions and performance: Investigating a mediated
model with evidence from the in-vitro diagnostics industry. Strategic
Management Journal, 32, 640-657. doi:10.1002/smj.901


Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social research methods (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, CA: Prentice Hall.


Nishii, L., Lepak, D., & Schneider, B. (2008). Employee
attributions of the ―why of HR practices: Their effects on employee
attitudes and behaviors and customer satisfaction. Personnel Psychology,
61(3), 503–545. doi:1548764341


Nixon, P., Harrington, M., & Parker, D. (2012). Leadership
performance is significant to project success or failure: a critical
analysis. International Journal of Productivity and Performance
Management, 61(2), 204-216. doi:10.1108/17410401211194699


Obloj, T., & Capron, L. (2011). Research notes and
commentaries role of resource gap and value appropriation: effect of
reputation gap on price premium in online auctions. Strategic Management
Journal, 32, 447–456. doi:10.1002/smj.902


Ocker, R. J., Huang, H., Fich, R. B., & Hiltz, S.R.
(2009). Leadership dynamics in partially distributed teams: An
exploratory study of the effects of configuration and distance. Group
DecisNegot, 20, 273–292. doi:10.1007/s10726-009-9180-z


Oghojafor, B. E., & Oghojafor, O. O. (2012). Attribution
theory and strategic decisions on organizational success factors.
Journal of Management and Strategy, 3(1), 32-39. doi:10.5430/jms.v3n1p32


Ooi, K., Lin, B., Tan, B., & Chong, A. Y., (2011). Are TQM
practices supporting customer satisfaction and service quality? Journal
of Services Marketing, 25/6 (2011), 410–419.
doi:10.1108/08876041111161005.


Outlay, C. (2007). Resizing the IS function after outsourcing:
Examining psychological contracts, violations, and outcomes (Doctoral
Dissertation). University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.


Oza, N., & Hall, T. (2005). Difficulties in managing
offshore software outsourcing relationships: An empirical analysis of 18
high maturity Indian software companies. Journal of Information
Technology Case and Application Research, 7(3), 25–41. Retrieved from
http://130.203.133.150/showciting;jsessionid=03BA48A50E485BE722621C08C
CC6F19


Pacheco, C., & Garcia, I. (2012). A systematic literature
review of stakeholder identification methods in requirements
elicitation. The Journal of Systems and Software, 85(2012), 2171–
2181.Retrieved from
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0164121212001288


Pan, G., Pan, S., & Newman, M. (2007). Information systems
project post-mortems: Insights from an attribution perspective. Journal
of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(14),
2255–2268. Retrieved from
http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soa_research/693/


Pathak, R. C. (2005). Flexibility--thinking shift for
organizational excellence. Global Journal of Flexible Systems
Management, 6(3/4), 59-69. Retrieved from
http://www.springer.com/engineering/production+eng/journal/10696


Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and analysis methods (3rd Ed.). Thousand


Oaks, CA: Sage.


Peters, L., & Karren, R. J. (2009). An examination of the
roles of trust and functional diversity on virtual team performance
ratings. Group & Organization Management, 34, 479.
doi:10.1177/1059601107312170


Peterson, C. (2000). The future of optimism. American Psychologist, 55(1), 44-55.


Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11392864


Plano Clark, V. L., & Creswell, J. W. (2008). The mixed methods reader. Thousand


Oaks, CA: Sage.


Pokharel, S. (2011). Stakeholders’ roles in virtual project
environment: A case study. J. Eng. Technol. Manage, 28(2011), 201–214.
Retrieved from http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jengtecman


Prati, L. M., Douglas, C., Ferris, G. R., Ammeter, A. P.,
& Buckley, M. R. (2003). Emotional intelligence, leadership,
effectiveness, and team outcomes. The International Journal of
Organizational Analysis, 11, 21-40. doi:10.1108/eb028961


Quisenberry, W. L. (2011). Common characteristics and
attributes of self-managed virtual teams. Retrieved from ProQuest
Dissertation and Theses database.


Rapisarda, B. A. (2002). The impact of emotional intelligence
on work team cohesiveness and performance. The International Journal of
Organizational Analysis, 10, 363-378. doi:10.1108/eb028958


Reed, A.H., & Knight, L.V. (2010). Project risk
differences between virtual and co-located teams. Journal of Computer
Information Systems, 51(1), 19-30. Retrieved from
http://iacis.org/jcis/articles/Reed_Knight_51_1.pdf


Remus, U., & Wiener, M. (2009). Critical success factors
for managing offshore software development projects. Journal of Global
Information Technology Management, 12(1), 6–29. Retrieved from
http://edit752.pbworks.com/f/Outsource_SuccessFactors.pdf


Richardson, I., Casey, V., McCaffery, F., Burton, J., &
Beecham, S. (2012). A Process Framework for Global Software Engineering
Teams. Information and Software Technology, 54(2012), 1175–1191.
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2012.05.002


Roh, B. E. (2011). Organizational structural factors leading
to financially successful mergers and acquisitions: A phenomenological
case study. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertation and Theses database.


Rozell, E. J., & Scroggins, W. A. (2010). How much is too
much? The role of emotional intelligence in self-managed work team
satisfaction and group processes. Team Performance Management, 16,
33-49. doi:10.1108/13527591011028915


Roy, R. H. (2012). Digital mastery: The skills needed for
effective virtual leadership. International J. of E-Collaboration, 3,
56. doi:10.4018/jec.2012070104


Rozman, T., Horvat, & R. V., Rozman, A. (2008). Modeling the standard compliant


software processes in the university environment. Business
Process Management Journal, 14(1), 53-63.Retrieved from
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1669249


Rusu, L., & Rusu, V. (2010). Online project management for
dynamic e-collaboration. Informatica Economica, 14, 182-190. Retrieved
from http://revistaie.ase.ro/


Sachdeva, D., Mittal, R., & Solanki, R. (2009). HR
practice scenario in Indian KPOs. Global Business & Management
Research, 1(2), 43–59. Retrieved from
http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-205638239/hr-practice-scenario-in-indian-kpos


Sadri, G., & Condia, J. (2012). Managing the virtual
world. Industrial Management, 54(1), 21-25. Retrieved from
http://www.iienet2.org/details.aspx?id=31596


Salem, O., & Mohanty, S. (2008). Project management
practices and information technology research. Journal of Construction
Engineering & Management, 134(7), 501–508.
doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2008)134:7(501)


Sarigiannids, L., & Chatzoglou, P. D. (2011). Software
development project risk management: A new conceptual framework. JSEA,
4, 293-305. doi:10.4236/jsea.2011.45032


Sarker, S., Ahuja, M., Sarker, S., & Kirkeby, S. (2011).
The role of communication and trust in global virtual teams: A social
network perspective. Journal of Management Information Systems, 28(1),
273-309. doi:10.2753/MIS0742-1222280109


Schenkel, M. T., & Garrison, G. (2009). Exploring the
roles of social capital and team efficacy in virtual entrepreneurial
team performance. Management Research News, 32, 525-538.
doi:10.1108/01409170910962966


Schlenkrich, L., & Upfold, C. (2009). A guideline for
virtual team managers: The key to effective social interaction and
communication. Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation,
12(1), 109-118. Retrieved from http://www.ejise.com


Schilling, J. (2006). On the pragmatics of qualitative
assessment: Designing the process for content analysis. European Journal
of Psychological Assessment, 22(1), 2837. Retrieved from
http://www.wompt.com.au/lecturing/materials/schilling2006.pdf


Sekiguchi, T. (2004). Person-organization fit and person-job
fit in employee selection: A review of the literature. Retrieved from
http://www.osaka-ue.ac.jp/gakkai/pdf/ronshu/2003/5406_ronko_sekiguti.pdf


Sharma, D., Stone, M., & Ekinci, Y. (2009). IT governance
and project management: A qualitative study. Journal of Database
Marketing & Customer Strategy Management, 16(1), 29–50.
doi:10.1057/dbm.2009.6


Shenhar, A., & Dvir, D. (2007). Project management
research—The challenge and opportunity. Project Management Journal,
38(2), 93–99. doi:10.1109/EMR.2008.4534315


Shepherd, D. A., Patzelt, H., & Wolfe, M. (2011). Moving forward from project failure:


negative emotions, effective commitment, and learning from the
experience. Academy of Management Journal, 54(6), 1229–1259.
doi:10.5465.amj.2010.0102


Sherrod, M. M. (2006). Using multiple methods in qualitative
research design. Journal of Theory Construction and Testing, 10(1),
22-25. Retrieved from
http://www.questia.com/read/1P3-1196374911/using-multiple-methods-in-qualitative-research-design


Shih, Y. (2006). The effect of computer self-efficacy on
enterprise resource planning usage. Behavior & Information
Technology, 25, 407-411. doi:10.1080/01449290500168103


Shuffler, M.L., Wiese, C.W., Salas, E., & Burke, S.
(2010). Leading one another across time and space: Exploring shared
leadership functions in virtual teams. Revista de PsicologíadelTrabajo y
de las Organizaciones, 26(1) 3-17. doi:10.5093/tr2010v26n1a1


Siebdrat, F., Hoegl, M., & Hoegl, E. (2009). How to manage
virtual teams. MIT Sloan Management Review, 50(4), 62-68. Retrieved
from http://sloanreview.mit.edu/


Silva, N., Hutcheson, J., & Wahl, G.D. (2010).
Organizational strategy and employee outcomes: A person–organization fit
perspective. The Journal of Psychology, 144(2), 145–161. Retrieved from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20307020


Simon, M. (2006). Recipes for success: Dissertation & scholarly research. Dubuque, IA:


Kendall/Hunt.


Simons, S. M., & Rowland, K. N. (2011). Diversity and its
impact on organizational performance: The influence of diversity
constructions on expectations and outcomes. J. Technology Management
Innovation, 6(3), 73-82. Retrieved from
http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/jotmi/v6n3/art13.pdf


Singleton, R., & Straits, B. (2005). Approaches to social research (4th ed.). New York,


NY: Oxford University Press.


Sivo, S. A., Saunders, C., Qing, C., & Jiang, J. J.
(2006). How low should you go? Low response rates and the validity of
inference in IS questionnaire research. Journal of the Association for
Information Systems, 7(6), 351-413. Retrieved from
http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~ssivo/Distribution/PublishedPapers/2006%20JAIS%20-%20Treating%20Nonresponse%20in%20IS%20Survey%20Research.pdf


Smith, D. C., Bruyns, M., & Evans, S. (2010). A project
manager’s optimism and stress management and IT project success.
International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 4(1), 10-27.
doi:10.1108/17538371111096863


Smite, D., & Wohlin, C. (2011). A whisper of evidence in
global software engineering. IEEE Software, 28(4), 15-18. Retrieved from

http://www.lu.lv/fileadmin/user_upload/lu_portal/projekti/datorzinatnes_pielietojumi/publikacijas/Smite_7_1.pdf


Sorter, A. O., Connors, S. P., & Rudge, L. (2008). Use of a coding manual when


providing a meta-interpretation of internal-validity
mechanisms and demographic data used in qualitative research. Journal of
Ethnographic and Qualitative Research, 2(4), 269-280. Retrieved from
http://osu.academia.edu/LucilaRudge/Papers/1566788/Use_of_a_coding_manual_when_providing_a_meta-interpretation_of_internal-validity_mechanisms_and_demographic_data_used
_in_qualitative_research


Spinelli, R. (2006). The applicability of bass’s model of
transformational and laissez faire leadership in the hospital
environment. Hospital Topics, 84(2), 11-18. doi:10.3200/HTPS.84.2.11-19


Spreitzer, G., Pettula, K., & Xin, K. (2005). Traditional
matters: Examination of the effectiveness of transformational leadership
in the United States and Taiwan. Journal of Organizational Behavior,
26, 205-227. doi:10.1002/job.315


Standing, C., Guilfoyle, A., Lin, C., & Love, P. (2006).
The attribution of success and failure in IT projects. Industrial
Management + Data Systems, 106(8), 1148–1165.
doi:10.1108/02635570610710809


Standish Group. (2009). New Standish Group report shows more
project failing and less successful projects. Retrieved from
http://www.standishgroup.com/newsroom /chaos_2009.php


Standish Group. (2010). CHAOS manifesto: The laws of CHAOS and
the CHAOS 100 best PM practices. Retrieved from
http://www.standishgroup.com/


Straker, D. (2008). Attribution theory. Retrieved from http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/attribution_theory.htm


Strang, K. D. (2011). Leadership substitutes and personality
impact on time and quality in virtual new product development projects.
Project Management Journal, 42(1), 73-90. doi:10.1002/pmj.20208


Straub, D., Weill, P., & Schwaig, K. (2008). Strategic
dependence on the IT resource and outsourcing: A test of the strategic
control model. Information Systems Frontiers, 10(2), 195–210.
doi:1451821551


Strickler, J. (2006). What motivates people? The Journal for
Quality and Participation, 29, 26-28. Retrieved from
http://asq.org/pub/jqp/


Sutarjo, A. (2011). Ten ways of managing person-organization
fit (P-O Fit) effectively: A literature study. International Journal of
Business and Social Science, 2(21), 226-233. Retrieved from
http://www.ijbssnetcom/journals/Vol_2_No_21_Special_Issue_November_2011/25.pdf


Thomas, D. M., & Bostrom, R. P. (2010). Vital signs for
virtual teams: An empirically developed trigger model for technology
adaption interventions. MIS Quarterly, 34, 115-142. Retrieved from
http://www.misq.org/


Turban, E., Leidner, D., McLean, E., & Wetherbe, J.
(2008). Information technology for management: Transforming
organizations in the digital economy (6th ed.). San Francisco, CA:
Wiley.


Turel, O., & Zhang, Y. (2010). Does virtual team
composition matter? Trait and problem-solving configuration effects on
team performance. Behaviour & Information Technology, 29(4),
363-375. doi:10.1080/01449291003752922


Trochim, W. M. K., & Donnelly, J. P. (2007). The research methods knowledge base (3rd ed.). Mason, OH: Thompson.


Unwiler, R., & Frolick, M. N. (2008). The IT value
hierarchy: Using Maslow’s hierarchy of needs as a metaphor for gauging
the maturity level of information technology use within competitive
organizations. Information Systems Management, 25, 83-88.
doi:10.1080/10580530701777206


Vignovic, J. A., & Thompson, L. F. (2010).
Computer-mediated cross-cultural collaboration: Attributing
communication errors to the person versus the situation. Journal of
Applied Psychology, 93, 265-276. doi:10.1037/a0018628.


Wagner, R., & Harter, J. K. (2007, November 8). The
seventh element of great managing. Gallup Management Journal Online,
1-7. Retrieved from http://gmj.gallup.com


Wahyuni, D. (2012). The research design maze: Understanding paradigms, methods and


methodologies. Journal of Applied Management Accounting Research, 10, 69-80.


Retrieved from http://cmawebline.org


Weiling, K., & Ping, Z. (2009). Motivations in open source
software communities: The mediating role of effort intensity and goal
commitment. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 13(4), 39–66.
doi:10.2753/JEC1086-4415130403


Weimann, P., Hinz, C., Scott, E., & Pollock, M. (2010).
Changing the communication culture of distributed teams in a world where
communication is neither perfect nor complete. Electronic Journal
Information Systems Evaluation, 13, 187-196. Retrieved from
http://www.ejise.com/


Wisnieski, J., & Soni, R. (2004). Strategic alliance
choice: Usefulness of proposed theories. Journal of Applied Management
and Entrepreneurship, 9(3), 74–90. doi: 1178660761


Wysocki, R. K. (2007a). Effective project management (4th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Publishing.


Wysocki, R.K. (2007a). Effective project management—
traditional, adaptive, extreme. Journal of Information Systems Control,
5, 1-2. Retrieved from
http://www.isaca.org/Journal/Past-Issues/2007/Volume-5/Documents/jpdf0705-effective-project.pdf


Yang, L. (2012).Implementation of project strategy to improve
new product development performance. International Journal of Project
Management, 30(7), 760. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.11.005.


Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Zivick, J. (2012). Mapping global virtual team leadership
actions to organizational roles. The Business Review, 19(2), 18-25.
Retrieved from:


http://umuc.academia.edu/JeffZivick/Papers/1262725/Mapping_Global_Virtual_Team_Leadership_Actions_To_Organizational_Roles.




Full Text:
PDF




Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.




Success Factors as Critical That Shape Agile Software Development Project Success | Nguyen | International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)

Wednesday, 7 September 2016

Exploring the use of computer-mediated video communication in engineering projects in South Africa

 Source: http://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/56600

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)



Exploring the use of computer-mediated video communication in engineering projects in South Africa

Tuesday, 6 September 2016

Virtual Teams: A Literature Review by Nader Ale Ebrahim, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha :: SSRN



Virtual Teams: A Literature Review



Nader Ale Ebrahim


University
of Malaya (UM) - Research Support Unit, Centre for Research Services,
Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP); University of
Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture

Shamsuddin Ahmed


University of Malaya (UM)

Zahari Taha


University of Malaya (UM)




November 6, 2009


Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 2653-2669, 2009





Abstract:
    



In the competitive market, virtual teams represent a
growing response to the need for fasting time-to-market, low-cost and
rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable
organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and
non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers. Nowadays,
companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their
performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual teams growing
prevalence, relatively little is known about this new form of team.
Hence the study offers an extensive literature review with definitions
of virtual teams and a structured analysis of the present body of
knowledge of virtual teams. First, we distinguish virtual teams from
conventional teams, different types of virtual teams to identify where
current knowledge applies. Second, we distinguish what is needed for
effective virtual team considering the people, process and technology
point of view and underlying characteristics of virtual teams and
challenges they entail. Finally, we have identified and extended 12 key
factors that need to be considered, and describes a methodology focused
on supporting virtual team working, with a new approach that has not
been specifically addressed in the existing literature and some guide
line for future research extracted.




Number of Pages in PDF File: 17



Keywords: Virtual team, Literature review, Effective virtual team






Open PDF in Browser
Download This Paper

Date posted: November 7, 2009
 

Suggested Citation

Ale
Ebrahim, Nader and Ahmed, Shamsuddin and Taha, Zahari, Virtual Teams: A
Literature Review (November 6, 2009). Australian Journal of Basic and
Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 2653-2669, 2009. Available at SSRN:
http://ssrn.com/abstract=1501443


Virtual Teams: A Literature Review by Nader Ale Ebrahim, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha :: SSRN

Monday, 5 September 2016

Books to be included in World University Rankings analysis for first time | Times Higher Education (THE)



Books to be included in World University Rankings analysis for first time



Books to be included in World University Rankings analysis for first time | Times Higher Education (THE)

SciLit | Articles



Display of results 1 to 27
Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
(Contact Author)
Published: 1 January 2012

SSRN Electronic Journal; doi:10.2139/ssrn.2236626

Open Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 7 June 2012

Scientific Research and Essays, Volume 7; doi:10.5897/sre10.1005

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 10 May 2014

Electron Physician, Volume 6; doi:10.14661/2014.814-815

Restricted Access
Farzad Tahriri, Mohammad Dabbagh,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 10 January 2014

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Volume 3, pp 1319-1338; doi:10.9734/jsrr/2014/8627

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
(Contact Author), Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2010

SSRN Electronic Journal; doi:10.2139/ssrn.1729097

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
(Contact Author), Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2010

SSRN Electronic Journal; doi:10.2139/ssrn.1729060

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
(Contact Author), Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2008

SSRN Electronic Journal; doi:10.2139/ssrn.1739020

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
(Contact Author), Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2008

SSRN Electronic Journal; doi:10.2139/ssrn.1739048

Restricted Access
Andre Matthias Müller, Payam Ansari,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Selina Khoo
Published: 1 January 2015

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity; doi:10.1123/japa.2015-0188

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, H. Ebrahimian, Maryam Mousavi, Farzad Tahriri
Published: 1 January 2015

International Journal of Management Science and Business
Administration, Volume 1, pp 6-16;
doi:10.18775/ijmsba.1849-5664-5419.2014.13.1001

Restricted Access
Peyman Akhavan,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Mahdieh A. Fetrati, Amir Pezeshkan
Published: 7 April 2016
 by Springer

Scientometrics; doi:10.1007/s11192-016-1938-x

Restricted Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Salwa Hanim Abdul Rashid, M A Wazed, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2012

Advanced Materials Research, Volume 433, pp 1653-1659; doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.433-440.1653

Restricted Access
Masoud Shakiba,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Mahmoud Danaee, Kaveh Bakhtiyari, Elankovan Sundararajan
Published: 1 December 2015

Revista de Gestão e Secretariado, Volume 6, pp 152-174; doi:10.7769/gesec.v6i3.486

Open Access
Jianhua, Shamsuddin Ahmed,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Salwa Hanim Abdul Rashid, Zahari Taha
Published: 1 January 2012

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Volume 5, pp 9-14; doi:10.3844/ajeassp.2012.9.14

Open Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Farid Habibi Tanha, Hossein Gholizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Motahar
Published: 20 March 2014

International Education Studies, Volume 7; doi:10.5539/ies.v7n4p120

Restricted Access
Mohammad Reza Maghami, Shahin navabi asl, Mohammad esmaeil Rezadad,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Chandima Gomes
Published: 9 September 2015
 by Springer

Scientometrics, Volume 105, pp 759-771; doi:10.1007/s11192-015-1730-3

Restricted Access
Mina Hedayat, Pegah Jahangiri, Aida Torkamani, Mahsa Mashayekhi, Sabzali M. K.,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 28 April 2015

Asian Social Science, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/ass.v11n13p130

Restricted Access
M. A. Wazed, S. Ahmed, Yusoff Nukman,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Nukman Yusoff
Published: 1 October 2011

Applied Mechanics and Materials, Volume 110, pp 258-266; doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.110-116.258

Open Access
Masood Fooladi, Hadi Salehi, Melor Md Yunus, Maryam Farhadi, Arezoo Aghaei Chadegani, Hadi Farhadi,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 27 April 2013

Asian Social Science, Volume 9; doi:10.5539/ass.v9n5p176

Open Access
Arezoo Aghaei Chadegani, Hadi Salehi, Melor Md Yunus, Hadi Farhadi, Masood Fooladi, Maryam Farhadi,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
Published: 27 April 2013

Asian Social Science, Volume 9; doi:10.5539/ass.v9n5p18

Open Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Farid Habibi Tanha, Hossein Gholizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Motahar, Ali Ordi
Published: 11 October 2013

International Education Studies, Volume 6; doi:10.5539/ies.v6n11p93

Open Access
Kaveh Bakhtiyari, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Masoud Shakiba, Azam Zavvari, Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Marjan Mohammadjafari
Published: 17 June 2014

International Education Studies, Volume 7; doi:10.5539/ies.v7n7p52

Open Access
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
,
Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Mahmoud Danaee, Marjan Mohammadjafari,
Azam Zavvari, Masoud Shakiba, Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam
Published: 2 August 2014

Modern Applied Science, Volume 8; doi:10.5539/mas.v8n5p63

Open Access
Hossein Gholizadeh, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Mahmoud Danaee, Seyed Mohammad Motahar,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Farid Habibi Tanha, Noor Azuan Abu Osman
Published: 17 February 2014

Modern Applied Science, Volume 8; doi:10.5539/mas.v8n2p160

Open Access
Hossein Gholizadeh, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Mahmoud Danaee, Ali Ordi, Farid Habibi Tanha,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Noor Azuan Abu Osman
Published: 2 August 2014

Modern Applied Science, Volume 8; doi:10.5539/mas.v8n5p169

Restricted Access
Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Azam Zavvari, Masoud Shakiba, Marjan Mohammadjafari,
Nader
Ale
Ebrahim
, Kaveh Bakhtiyari, Hossein Gholizadeh
Published: 30 May 2015

Asian Social Science, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/ass.v11n16p338



SciLit | Articles