Volume 3, Issue 3, July 2009, Pages 2653-2669
Virtual teams: A literature review (Review)
Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
In the competitive market, virtual teams represent a growing response to the need for fasting time-to-market, low-cost and rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers. Nowadays companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual team growing prevalence, relatively little is known about this new form of team. Hence the study offers an extensive literature review with definitions of virtual teams and a structured analysis of the present body of knowledge of virtual teams. First, we distinguish virtual teams from conventional teams, different types of virtual teams to identify where current knowledge applies. Second, we dis tinguish what is needed for effective virtual team considering the people, process and technology point of view and underlying characteristics of virtual teams and challenges the entail. Finally we have identified and extended 12 key factors that need to be considered, and describes a methodology focused on supporting virtual team working, with a new approach that has not been specifically addressed in the existing literature and some guide line for future research extracted. © 2009, INSInet Publication.
Effective virtual team; Literature review; Virtual team
ISSN: 19918178Source Type: Journal Original language: English
Document Type: Review
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