The impact of emergent virtual leadership competencies on team effectiveness
|Title:||The impact of emergent virtual leadership competencies on team effectiveness|
|Author(s):||Paul Ziek, (Pace University), Stacy Smulowitz, (University of Scranton)|
Ziek, Stacy Smulowitz, (2014) "The impact of emergent virtual
leadership competencies on team effectiveness", Leadership &
Organization Development Journal, Vol. 35 Iss: 2
|Article type:||Research paper|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
- The research on virtual team leadership does well to describe the
skills that are needed to guide and direct effective teams. However what
is presupposed in the previous research is that virtual teams have
assigned leaders. That is, leaders were either management, appointed by
management or were chosen by the team itself. Yet in today’s global
economy not all virtual teams have assigned leaders, instead many
virtual team leaders emerge on their own to direct the group’s actions.
The current study examines which emergent leadership competencies most
impact virtual team effectiveness.
- This is a mixed method study where both a participant survey and
content analysis of actual participant messages are used to determine
the competencies of emergent virtual team leaders. The research
participants for the current study were required to work in assigned
teams on organizational case analyses. At the end of each case, teams
presented their solutions in the form of final recommendations designed
to fix the problem present in the case.
Results indicate that not only do leaders emerge in virtual teams, but
in most cases multiple leaders emerge. Results also show that the model
that best describes team effectiveness includes the competencies of
asking questions, cognitive and creative ability and vision setting.
- The contribution of the current study is that it extends the research
on emergent virtual team leadership by introducing the idea that this
type of leadership is often a collective action among individuals. It
also advances a model of emergent virtual team leadership as a practice
of communication. The better emergent virtual team leaders are at
communicating to team members the more effective the team will be in
completing tasks and projects, which in turn can lead to a more
effectively functioning business unit.