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Wednesday, 30 November 2011

"Virtual R&D Team" definition

A virtual team (also known as a geographically dispersed team or GDT) is a group of individuals who work across time, space and organizational boundaries with links strengthened by webs of communication technology. Powell, Piccoli and Ives define virtual teams in their literature review article "as groups of geographically, organizationally and/or time dispersed workers brought together by information and telecommunication technologies to accomplish one or more organizational tasks [1]." Among the different definitions of virtual teams, the following concept is one of the most widely accepted definitions [2]: “Virtual teams are small temporary groups of geographically, organizationally and/or time dispersed knowledge workers who coordinate their work, predominantly with electronic information and communication technologies in order to accomplish one or more organization tasks” [3]. Virtual R&D team is a form of a virtual team, which includes the features of virtual teams and concentrates on R&D activities [4].
1.      ^ POWELL, A., PICCOLI, G. & IVES, B. 2004. Virtual teams: a review of current literature and directions for future research. The Data base for Advances in Information Systems, 35, 6–36
2.      ^ ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2009b. Virtual Teams for New Product Development – An Innovative Experience for R&D Engineers. European Journal of Educational Studies, 1, 109-123.
3.      ^ ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2009a. Virtual R & D teams in small and medium enterprises: A literature review. Scientific Research and Essay, 4, 1575–1590.
4.      ^ ALE EBRAHIM, N., ABDUL RASHID, S. H., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2011. The Effectiveness of Virtual R&D Teams in SMEs: Experiences of Malaysian SMEs. Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, 10, 109-114.

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