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Thursday, 26 January 2012

The Effectiveness of Virtual R&D Teams in SMEs: Experiences of Malaysian SMEs



Nader Ale Ebrahim 


University of Malaya - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering

Salwa Hanim Abdul Rashid 


University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture

Shamsuddin Ahmed 


University of Malaya (UM)

Zahari Taha 


University Malaysia Pahang - Department of Manufacturing Engineering



IEMS, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 109-114, June 2011 



Abstract:      
The number of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), especially those involved with research and development (R&D) programs and employed virtual teams to create the greatest competitive advantage from limited labor are increasing. Global and localized virtual R&D teams are believed to have high potential for the growth of SMEs. Due to the fast-growing complexity of new products coupled with new emerging opportunities of virtual teams, a collaborative approach is believed to be the future trend. This research explores the effectiveness of virtuality in SMEs’ virtual R&D teams. Online questionnaires were emailed to Malaysian manufacturing SMEs and 74 usable questionnaires were received, representing a 20.8 percent return rate. In order to avoid biases which may result from pre-suggested answers, a series of open-ended questions were retrieved from the experts. This study was focused on analyzing an open-ended question, whereby four main themes were extracted from the experts’ recommendations regarding the effectiveness of virtual teams for the growth and performance of SMEs. The findings of this study would be useful to product design managers of SMEs in order to realize the key advantages and significance of virtual R&D teams during the new product development (NPD) process. This in turn, leads to increased effectiveness in new product development's procedure.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 6
Keywords: Virtual Teams, New Product Development, Survey Finding, Small and Medium Enterprises
JEL Classifications: Q32, Q31, M12, M1, O32, O3, O1, M54, L1, L11, M54, P24, P42, L17
Accepted Paper Series


Ale Ebrahim, Nader, Abdul Rashid, Salwa Hanim, Shamsuddin Ahmed, & Zahari Taha (2011). The Effectiveness of Virtual R&D Teams in SMEs: Experiences of Malaysian SMEs Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, 10 (2), 109-114

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